UNVEIL evaluated the efficacy and safety of oral OTEZLA at 16 weeks in patients with moderate plaque psoriasis who were naïve to systemic and biologic therapy
Among the data that will be presented is an analysis of the phase 4 UNVEIL trial, which evaluates the clinical efficacy and safety of oral OTEZLA 30 mg twice daily compared with placebo at week 16 in patients with moderate plaque psoriasis [defined as a body surface area (BSA) involvement of 5-10 percent and a static Physician's Global Assessment (sPGA) of 3] who were naïve to systemic and biologic therapy. At baseline, more than 80 percent of patients enrolled in the trial had previously received topical therapy.
"We are excited to present new clinical research to the scientific
community at AAD showing the efficacy and safety of OTEZLA in a variety
of studies in patients with plaque psoriasis, including longer-term
The following abstracts will be presented at
Abstracts at a Glance
Efficacy and Safety of Apremilast in Patients With Moderate Plaque Psoriasis (UNVEIL Phase 4 Study);
Efficacy of Apremilast on Quality of Life Measures in Patients With Moderate Plaque Psoriasis (UNVEIL Phase 4 Study);
Long-term Safety of Apremilast Treatment in Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Patients: Pooled Analysis for 156 Weeks and Beyond in the ESTEEM 1 and 2 and PALACE 1-3 Phase 3 Trials;
Apremilast, an Oral Phosphodiesterase 4 Inhibitor, Is Associated With Long-term (104-Week) Improvement in Fatigue in Patients With Psoriatic Arthritis: Pooled Results From 3 Phase III, Randomized, Controlled Trials;
Low Serious Infection Rates in Patients with Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Treated With Apremilast for 156 Weeks and Beyond: Pooled Analysis of the Phase 3 ESTEEM 1 and 2 and PALACE 1-3 Trials;
Safety and Efficacy of Apremilast Through 104 Weeks in Patients With Moderate to Severe Psoriasis Who Continued on Apremilast or Switched From Etanercept Treatment in the LIBERATE Study;
Apremilast Reduces IL-17F, IL-17A, IL-22, and TNF-α Plasma Protein Levels in Patients With Moderate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis: Pharmacodynamic and Correlative Results From Phase 2/3 Studies;
First "Real-World" Insights on Apremilast Therapy for Patients With Plaque Psoriasis From the LAPIS-PSO Study: An Interim Analysis;
Real-World Burden of Comorbidities in US Patients With Psoriasis;
Evaluation of the PGAxBSA Composite Tool in Patients With Moderate vs. Moderate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis;
OTEZLA is not indicated for the treatment of plaque psoriasis patients with BSA involvement of less than 10 percent or sPGA less than 3.
UNVEIL is the first prospective, randomized, controlled study to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of OTEZLA in patients with moderate plaque psoriasis (defined as a BSA involvement of 5-10 percent and sPGA of 3 based on a 0 to 5 scale) who were naïve to systemic and biologic therapies. Patients (n=221) were randomized 2:1 to receive either OTEZLA 30 mg twice daily or placebo for 16 weeks, followed by an open-label extension phase in which placebo patients were switched to OTEZLA through week 52. All doses were titrated over the first week of treatment. At baseline, more than 80 percent of patients had previously received topical therapy. The primary endpoint was the mean percentage change from baseline in the product of Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) and BSA (%) at week 16.
OTEZLA® (apremilast) 30 mg tablets is an oral small-molecule inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) specific for cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). PDE4 inhibition results in increased intracellular cAMP levels which is thought to indirectly modulate the production of inflammatory mediators. The specific mechanism(s) by which OTEZLA exerts its therapeutic action in patients with psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis is not well defined.
Otezla® (apremilast) is indicated for the treatment of patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis who are candidates for phototherapy or systemic therapy and for the treatment of adult patients with active psoriatic arthritis.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Otezla (apremilast) is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to apremilast or to any of the excipients in the formulation.
Warnings and Precautions
Depression: Carefully weigh the risks and benefits of treatment with Otezla for patients with a history of depression and/or suicidal thoughts/behavior, or in patients who develop such symptoms while on Otezla. Patients, caregivers, and families should be advised of the need to be alert for the emergence or worsening of depression, suicidal thoughts or other mood changes, and they should contact their healthcare provider if such changes occur.
Psoriasis: Treatment with Otezla is associated with an increase in adverse reactions of depression. During clinical trials, 1.3% (12/920) of patients treated with Otezla reported depression compared to 0.4% (2/506) on placebo; 0.1% (1/1308) of Otezla patients discontinued treatment due to depression compared with none on placebo (0/506). Depression was reported as serious in 0.1% (1/1308) of patients exposed to Otezla, compared to none in placebo-treated patients (0/506). Suicidal behavior was observed in 0.1% (1/1308) of patients on Otezla, compared to 0.2% (1/506) on placebo. One patient treated with Otezla attempted suicide; one patient on placebo committed suicide.
Psoriatic Arthritis: During clinical trials, 1.0% (10/998) of patients treated with Otezla reported depression or depressed mood compared to 0.8% (4/495) treated with placebo; 0.3% (4/1441) of patients treated with Otezla discontinued treatment due to depression or depressed mood compared with none in placebo treated patients (0/495). Depression was reported as serious in 0.2% (3/1441) of patients exposed to Otezla, compared to none in placebo treated patients (0/495). Suicidal ideation and behavior were observed in 0.2% (3/1441) of patients on Otezla, compared to none on placebo (0/495). Two patients who received placebo committed suicide compared to none on Otezla.
Weight Decrease: Monitor body weight regularly; evaluate unexplained or clinically significant weight loss, and consider discontinuation of Otezla.
Psoriasis: Body weight loss of 5-10% occurred in 12% (96/784) of patients treated with Otezla and in 5% (19/382) of patients treated with placebo. Body weight loss of ≥10% occurred in 2% (16/784) of patients treated with Otezla compared to 1% (3/382) of patients treated with placebo.
Psoriatic Arthritis: Body weight loss of 5-10% was reported in 10% of patients taking Otezla and in 3.3% of patients taking placebo. Monitor body weight regularly; evaluate unexplained or clinically significant weight loss, and consider discontinuation of Otezla.
Drug Interactions: Apremilast exposure was decreased when Otezla was
co-administered with rifampin, a strong
Psoriasis: Adverse reactions reported in ≥5% of patients were (Otezla%, placebo%): diarrhea (17, 6), nausea (17, 7), upper respiratory tract infection (9, 6), tension headache (8, 4), and headache (6, 4).
Psoriatic Arthritis: Adverse reactions reported in ≥2% of patients taking Otezla, that occurred at a frequency at least 1% higher than that observed in patients taking placebo, for up to 16 weeks (after the initial 5-day titration), were (Otezla%, placebo%): diarrhea (7.7, 1.6); nausea (8.9, 3.1); headache (5.9, 2.2); upper respiratory tract infection (3.9, 1.8); vomiting (3.2, 0.4); nasopharyngitis (2.6, 1.6); upper abdominal pain (2.0, 0.2).
Use in Specific Populations
Pregnancy and Nursing Mothers: Otezla is Pregnancy Category C; it has not been studied in pregnant women. Use during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. It is not known whether apremilast or its metabolites are present in human milk. Caution should be exercised when Otezla is administered to a nursing woman.
Renal Impairment: Otezla dosage should be reduced in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance less than 30 mL/min); for details, see Dosage and Administration, Section 2, in the Full Prescribing Information.
Please click here for Full Prescribing Information.
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Patrick E. Flanigan III, 908-673-9969
Corporate Vice President, Investor Relations
Senior Director, Corporate Communications
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